What differentiates your credit score from the CIBIL credit rank?

What differentiates your credit score from the CIBIL credit rank?

The CIBIL Report and its score is a comprehensive rating of your credit information in the CIBIL rating agency's CIR or Credit Information and Report files. What is the difference between CIBIL score and credit score? Essentially, the CIBIL score or credit score rank is used to judge the  commercial potential borrower's risk capacity, financial responsibility, history of serial or concurrent defaults, etc. Let us see why maintaining such a score is important for you.

Did You Know?

About 50% of India's working population ( nearly 400.7 people) are credit active, and the credit information companies like CIBIL, Experian, etc., cater to about 200.7 million people's credit reports. 

Is CIBIL score and credit score the same?

The CIBIL report has a wide array of data, your individual and business information, personal information, risk scores, previous loan repayment history etc. Potential borrowers of credit products like loans, credit cards, etc., are rated on their CIBIL score by the banks, investors and lenders or financial institutions when making a lending decision. 

Hence in the  CIBIL score vs credit score debate, to reach your financial goals, individuals need a CIBIL score of 750, and commercial borrowers or businesses need a credit rank of 1 to avail loans or credit cards. The difference between credit score and CIBIL score  is that the 3-digit score is the credit score, whereas the CIBIL score is graded as good, average or poor. Since 2017 January, The RBI or the Reserve Bank of India has mandated that credit bureaus in India, like CIBIL, Experian etc., provide customers with a free credit report/ score per year to improve and monitor their scores.

What is an individual's CIBIL score?

Leading financial institutions, banks, investors, etc., use the Credit Information Report CIR and credit score of credit reporting institutions CIC like Experian, CIBIL etc., to base their risk assessment and lending decisions whenever a loan application is made to them. The 3-digit CIBIL score is the most popularly used credit score rating of your financial information and loan repayments that are not fixed and can keep improving or changing. The CIBIL vs credit score difference is that the credit score generally spreads from 300 to 900, the highest possible score at CIBIL, the CIC. Responsible borrowers have a 750 credit score or more. To help you understand, here are the different CIBIL score ranges.

NH/NA: If your credit score indicates an NH or NA, then your CIBIL score reflects that your score is "not applicable" or NA and is because there is "no history" or NH to score your CIBIL score. Such a situation occurs when you have never been issued a credit card or have no history of taking a bank loan. It takes at least six months of credit to provide a credit score. To avail a loan from banks or other financial institutions, you must prove your credit history of promptly paying loans and not having any non-performing or doubtful (DBT) loans. 

Also read: UPI-like platform needed for easy credit disbursal to MSMEs, says Union IT Minister

CIBIL score ranges

CIBIL score range of credit scores from 350 to 549: This score ranging from 350 to 549 is a bad score and marked SUB in CIBIL's rating system. This score generally indicates late payments of EMIs on your loan or credit card bill payments. A bad CIBIL score makes it hard to obtain loans or a credit card as the lenders fear you are a high-risk candidate for defaulting on EMIs and bills. 

CIBIL score range of credit scores from 550 to 649: This range of CIBIL score is also considered a bad score that needs improvement before being offered a loan/credit card. Lenders feel you have issues in paying your EMIs or bills on time. If you are offered a loan, the banks generally charge you a higher loan interest rate or insist on collateral support and guarantors. 

CIBIL score range of credit scores from 650 to 749: A CIBIL score between 650 and 750 is an average score and indicates that you have shown a good record of credit behaviour. But, you must better your CIBIL score to 750 for lenders to lend you a CIBIL-score based easy loan with the best interest rates.

CIBIL score range of credit scores from 750 to 900: A score of 750 to 900 is also considered the CIBIL STD or standard norms for the account. This score shows that you are a safe bet for a loan or credit card as you are disciplined and have been promptly paying off your loan EMIs and credit card payments. Financial institutions, banks etc., consider you the lowest default risk and gladly offer you their credit products and loans.

What is meant by CIBIL Credit Rank?

Based on your business's credit history collated from data submitted by banks and financial institutions across India to CIBIL, a CIBILCommercial Credit Rank is assigned to the company. The credit ranking system or the CIBIL score for companies is like the scoring system of an individual's credit score rating and ranges from 1 to 10. The past repayment history of a company has a strong impact on lending decisions and future behaviour of the company when availing credit products since the rank or company CIBIL score and credit score are same. Thus the company's credit ranking is an important index of its financial health. Here is how credit ranks are understood.

  • A 1 to 5 rank is the average range of credit ranks for companies. A 1 rank is the best possible score, while 10 is the poorest. The closer your company's rank gets to 1, the better the company's credit check, loan terms, interest rates, and possibilities of getting commercial loans for your company's growth.
  • Similar to the NA/NH rating of individual's, the -1 CIBIL score or -1 rating means no credit history is available.
  • A rank between 5 and 10 is considered a very poor score and is similar to an individual scoring between 300 and 600. 
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